On November 24, 1974, a team of archaeologists working in Ethiopia discovered a 3.2 Million-year-old skeleton. Nicknamed ‘Lucy’ – the skeleton of a hominid form from the Australopithecus afarensis species – was the oldest known example of a bipedal primate and a crucial stepping stone between apes and Homo sapiens. Around 40% of her skeleton was found intact.
Some interesting facts about Lucy :
First Upright Primate
After studying the structure of her knee and spine curvature, scientists deduced Lucy spent most of her time on two legs – the earliest example of such a primate. Bipedalism is one of they key distinctions between the Homo genus and Pan, the family of Chimpanzee species. Lucy had chimp characteristics like long arms and a protruding belly .
Death Remains A Mystery
There’s not much evidence of teeth marks anywhere on her skeleton, suggesting she was not killed nd scavenged by other animals.
Lucy died as a young adult. She was 3.7-ft tall and weighed 29 Kg
What lives in Ethiopia
Lucy’s skeleton lies hidden in a safe in the National Museum of Ethiopia in Addis Ababa, not far from where she was discovered.
A recent find hinted Lucy’s species used crude stone tools to cut and eat meat, putting estimates of our ancestors’ first use of technology back almost a million years.